When To Worry About A Heart Murmur?

When To Worry About A Heart Murmur
Most do not lead to heart problems, but a change in the murmur’s intensity or the appearance of symptoms like shortness of breath, light-headedness, or chest pain would prompt a further medical evaluation.

Can a heart murmur be life threatening?

What Is a Heart Murmur? – A heart murmur is when your heart makes an unusual sound as blood is flowing through your heart. You’re probably used to your doctor listening to your heartbeat through a stethoscope. If you have a heart murmur, your doctor will hear a sound that’s different from normal while your blood is flowing through your heart’s chambers.

Hearts that don’t have a murmur make a “lub dub” sound. Hearts that have murmurs make a swishing or whooshing sound.

Many heart murmurs aren’t life-threatening and don’t need treatment. But other heart murmurs do need treatment because they’re a sign of an underlying problem with your heart. It’s important to remember that if you’ve been diagnosed with a heart murmur, that doesn’t mean you’ll always have it. Heart murmurs can go away on their own.

What does a heart murmur usually indicate?

Key points about heart murmurs –

A heart murmur is an extra noise heard during a heartbeat. The noise is caused when blood does not flow smoothly through the heart. Heart murmurs can be innocent (harmless) or abnormal (caused by a heart problem). Some causes are fever, anemia, or heart valve disease. Heart murmurs don’t often cause symptoms. A healthcare provider can hear a murmur with a stethoscope. No treatment may be needed for an innocent heart murmur. An abnormal one may be treated with medicines or surgery.

Do heart murmurs get worse over time?

Abnormal murmurs – “Abnormal heart murmurs can be caused by a large variety of valve conditions,” say Dr. Frisoli. “They can occur if you have heart disease or holes in your heart – whether from birth or acquired, such as after a heart attack.” Murmurs caused by heart disease are called pathologic murmurs.

Shortness of breath Leg swelling Fatigue Lightheadedness Chest pressure (especially when active)

These more serious murmurs usually do not go away unless the problem that causes them is treated. If you have gone through treatment to replace or repair a heart valve, your murmur may change sound or go away completely. Likewise, murmurs can get worse if a condition goes untreated or becomes more serious.

Your heart is unique, and some heart murmurs can change over time. Because of this, it is important for your doctor to listen to your heart every time you go in for a physical exam. If you have a heart murmur, your doctor may order an echocardiogram, refer you to a heart specialist and make sure you schedule annual visits to monitor your heart health.

For more information about heart murmurs or to be referred to a cardiologist, schedule an appointment with to your primary care provider. To find a doctor or request an appointment, visit henryford.com or call 1-800-HENRYFORD (436-7936). Dr. Tiberio Frisoli is an interventional cardiologist who sees patients at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Henry Ford Allegiance in Jackson and Henry Ford Health Center – Brownstown.

Can stress and anxiety cause a heart murmur?

Stress and anxiety can cause a heart murmur that’s considered a physiologic heart murmur. However, it’s more likely that a heart murmur would be caused by an underlying heart condition, anemia, or hyperthyroidism.

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How long can you live with a heart murmur?

Living with a heart murmur – If you or your child has an innocent heart murmur, you can live a completely normal life. It will not cause you any problems and is not a sign of an issue with your heart. If you have a murmur along with any of the following symptoms, see your doctor:

You are very tired You have trouble exercising or being physically active You have chest pain

If your child has a heart murmur and any of these symptoms, call your doctor:

Rapid breathing Difficulty feeding Blue tint to the lips

These could be signs of a more serious heart problem.

What is the main cause of heart murmur?

How loud is a heart murmur? – You can’t hear a heart murmur with your ear. You need a stethoscope, which makes the sounds loud enough to hear. Healthcare providers classify murmurs by how intense or loud they are. They use a scale of 1 (the murmur can barely be heard, even with a stethoscope) to 6 (it can be heard clearly, even when the stethoscope isn’t pressing on your skin).

Childhood. Exercise. Growth spurts. Pregnancy. The first few days after a baby is born.

Innocent heart murmurs can disappear and reappear. They may get louder when your heart beats faster. They often go away eventually, but some last a lifetime. Innocent heart murmurs don’t indicate a problem with your heart. Some heart murmurs are due to a heart problem or other condition, including:

: or low red blood cell count, can cause a murmur because it affects blood viscosity (thickness). Other signs of anemia include weakness and fatigue (extreme tiredness). or carcinoid heart disease is a slow-growing tumor (cancer) caused by extra hormones, which can affect your heart. A person with carcinoid syndrome might also experience unexplained weight loss, belly pain, diarrhea or, Congenital heart defect: Your heart may have a structural problem that’s been there since birth. Examples of include a septal defect (hole in your heart) or, is a heart infection. Bacteria or other germs get into the bloodstream and attack your heart valves. It usually causes additional symptoms, like fever, chills, rash or sore throat. means one or more heart valves aren’t working correctly, preventing good blood circulation. For example, a valve may be stiff (valve stenosis). It may not open or close all the way. Or it may allow blood to leak in the wrong direction (valve regurgitation). Other signs include swelling in your ankles or feet, (fluttering), shortness of breath or pressure in your chest., also called overactive thyroid, the gland makes too much thyroid hormone. The condition also may cause anxiety, increased appetite, rapid heartbeat and weight loss. is a type of heart disease that makes your heart muscle larger, thicker or stiffer. It can be inherited or develop due to aging or, Other symptoms may include (fainting), chest pain, heart palpitations, fatigue and shortness of breath.

Should I go to hospital for heart murmur?

An innocent murmur does not require any treatment. An abnormal murmur does not always require treatment. Treatment is only necessary if a heart condition is causing the murmur.

Does a heart murmur make you tired?

What are the symptoms of a heart murmur? – Heart murmurs do not usually cause symptoms. They tend to be found when your healthcare provider is listening to your heart for another reason. People with an abnormal heart murmur may have symptoms of the problem causing the murmur. Symptoms can include:

Feeling weak or tired Shortness of breath, especially with exercise Chest pain Fast, pounding, or skipping heartbeat Swollen ankles, feet, abdomen Feeling dizzy or faint Poor feeding and failing to grow normally (babies only)

What 5 things can cause a heart murmur?

– There are many possible causes of heart murmurs. Doctors categorize murmurs according to what causes them:

Flow murmurs: Exercise, pregnancy, and anemia can all cause a high blood flow, as can hyperthyroidism, fever, and rapid growth spurts. High blood flow could lead to an innocent murmur. Valve disease-related murmurs: Problems with a valve in the heart, such as aortic stenosis or a bicuspid aortic valve, can lead to a heart murmur. Murmurs due to ventricular problems: Conditions that affect the ventricles and the blood flow through them, such as functional mitral regurgitation, may cause a murmur. Murmurs due to complications of other conditions: Some conditions that affect the heart, such as endocarditis and lupus, may also cause a heart murmur. Murmurs related to congenital heart disease: Problems with the heart present from birth, such as a hole in the heart, can result in a murmur.

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What should you avoid if you have a heart murmur?

Limit sodium, sugars, and alcohol. If your doctor recommends it, get more exercise. Walking is a good choice. Bit by bit, increase the amount you walk every day.

What percentage of heart murmurs require surgery?

Treating a heart murmur – Treatment of a heart murmur depends on the severity, says Krajacic, Some patients have a murmur for nearly their entire life but don’t need any type of treatment. Those with a mild or moderate condition may be regularly monitored by a primary physician or cardiologist with follow-up echocardiograms.

SEE ALSO: Why It’s Better To Have Your Mitral Valve Repaired than Replaced “When a patient experiences worsening symptoms related to their murmur, they need to be evaluated for more extensive treatment,” said Krajacic. Patients with severe aortic stenosis may undergo a minimally invasive transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedure, also known TAVR,

Open heart surgery may also be recommended to repair or replace a damaged valve. Overall, says Krajacic, only a small percentage of patients need surgery. “Of the 5% of the U.S. population diagnosed with mitral valve regurgitation, only 1% requires surgery.

  1. And if surgery is recommended, the earlier the better as repairing a mitral valve is always better than replacing it.” “Murmurs can disappear once the underlying condition that caused the murmur is fixed,” said Krajacic.
  2. Children diagnosed with a heart murmur at birth will often have it disappear as they approach adolescence.

A new murmur during pregnancy can disappear after the baby is born and the mother’s fluid status returns to normal.”

What does it feel like to have a heart murmur?

What is a heart murmur? – A heart murmur is an extra, unusual sound in your heartbeat. It can sound like a whooshing or swishing noise. The extra noise happens when your blood doesn’t flow smoothly through your heart. Your doctor can hear the sounds your heart makes through a stethoscope.

What organ is affected by heart murmur?

A heart murmur is a blowing, whooshing, or rasping sound heard during a heartbeat. The sound is caused by turbulent (rough) blood flow through the heart valves or near the heart.

What is the most common heart murmur?

Innocent Heart Murmurs – The most common type of heart murmur is called functional or innocent, An innocent heart murmur is the sound of blood moving through a healthy heart in a normal way. Just as you might hear air moving through an air duct or water flowing through a pipe, doctors can hear blood moving through the heart even when there’s no heart problem.

An innocent heart murmur can come and go throughout childhood. Kids with these murmurs don’t need to change their diet, restrict their activities, or have any special treatment. Those old enough to understand that they have a heart murmur should be reassured that they aren’t any different from other kids.

Most innocent murmurs will go away on their own as a child gets older.

Who is most likely to get a heart murmur?

If you press your ear against someone’s chest, you’ll expect to hear the typical “lub-dub” sound of their heart beating; it’s the noise that a heart makes when it’s pumping blood. But if a person has a heart murmur, doctors hear something different when they place a stethoscope on their chest.

Instead, mixed in with the heartbeat sounds, they hear extra swooshing noises, which is the sound of blood moving through the heart. Sometimes, the swooshing noise is a sign that there may be a heart-valve problem or a structural defect within the heart—and sometimes they are what doctors may call “innocent,” or harmless.

Heart murmurs may be diagnosed in people of all ages, including newborns and children. In fact, by some estimates heart murmurs are heard in up to 75% of children at some point in their childhood. Only about 1% of are actually born with heart defects. Therefore, the vast majority of murmurs in children are innocent and have no significance.

  1. They are a normal finding and do not represent a heart problem.
  2. You are just hearing blood flow through a healthy heart.
  3. Adults may develop a heart murmur at any time, if one of the four valves within the heart begins to malfunction.
  4. Doctors can determine the location of a heart murmur by listening with a stethoscope and performing tests; each heart-valve problem has its own location and signature sound pattern.
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For innocent heart murmurs, no treatment is needed. For abnormal heart murmurs, the type of treatment that’s needed varies, depending on the location and cause of the problem. ” The most important test for a heart murmur is a careful exam with a stethoscope,” says cardiologist John Fahey, MD, director of Yale Medicine’s Adult Congenital Heart Program,

  1. If your doctor determines that the murmur is innocent, no further testing is needed.
  2. You may participate in all activities with no concerns or restrictions.” When blood is pumped through the heart’s chambers, it makes a distinct noise that’s often described as “lub-dub.” The heart makes the “lub” sound when two of its valves close, after blood moves from the first two heart chambers to the two other chambers.

The “dub” sound occurs when the heart’s two other valves shut, after blood is pumped out of the heart. A heart murmur is an extra, unexpected sound that doctors hear with a stethoscope when they’re listening to the blood move through the heart. Some heart murmurs are incidental noises within healthy hearts, and they aren’t a sign of a problem.

  1. Other murmurs are indications that a structural abnormality exists within the heart, causing problems with blood flow.
  2. They may occur if the valves don’t open or close properly, preventing the blood from moving through the heart to maintain its usual “lub-dub” rhythm.
  3. While many heart murmurs will cause no problems, that’s not true for all.

Sometimes, an abnormal heart murmur is a sign that there is a hole in a wall within the heart. More frequently, a murmur is a sign that a heart valve is malfunctioning, causing blood-flow problems.

How long can you live with a heart murmur?

Living with a heart murmur – If you or your child has an innocent heart murmur, you can live a completely normal life. It will not cause you any problems and is not a sign of an issue with your heart. If you have a murmur along with any of the following symptoms, see your doctor:

You are very tired You have trouble exercising or being physically active You have chest pain

If your child has a heart murmur and any of these symptoms, call your doctor:

Rapid breathing Difficulty feeding Blue tint to the lips

These could be signs of a more serious heart problem.

What should you avoid if you have a heart murmur?

Limit sodium, sugars, and alcohol. If your doctor recommends it, get more exercise. Walking is a good choice. Bit by bit, increase the amount you walk every day.

What 5 things can cause a heart murmur?

– There are many possible causes of heart murmurs. Doctors categorize murmurs according to what causes them:

Flow murmurs: Exercise, pregnancy, and anemia can all cause a high blood flow, as can hyperthyroidism, fever, and rapid growth spurts. High blood flow could lead to an innocent murmur. Valve disease-related murmurs: Problems with a valve in the heart, such as aortic stenosis or a bicuspid aortic valve, can lead to a heart murmur. Murmurs due to ventricular problems: Conditions that affect the ventricles and the blood flow through them, such as functional mitral regurgitation, may cause a murmur. Murmurs due to complications of other conditions: Some conditions that affect the heart, such as endocarditis and lupus, may also cause a heart murmur. Murmurs related to congenital heart disease: Problems with the heart present from birth, such as a hole in the heart, can result in a murmur.