Why Did God Purposely Hardened Pharaoh Heart?

Why Did God Purposely Hardened Pharaoh Heart
Why Did God Also Harden Pharaoh’s Heart? – Suddenly, the pattern changes. With the plagues of the boils ( 9:8-12 ), locusts ( 10:13-20 ), darkness ( 10:21-27 ), and death of the firstborn ( 11:1-10 ), the Scriptures say God ” hardened Pharaoh’s heart,” That hardening continued even as he pursued the Israelites leaving Egypt ( 14:4-8 ).

  • God hardened Pharaoh’s heart because 1) Pharaoh was ungodly, not innocent; 2) he was already hardening his own heart; and 3) God sovereignly purposed to demonstrate His power and glory even through Pharaoh’s hardening ( Romans 9:17-18 ).
  • God predicted Pharaoh’s resistance in Exodus 3:19 : ” I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him,” Early on, Pharaoh rejected God ( Exodus 5:2 ).

God extended mercy with warnings throughout the plagues—giving Pharaoh opportunities to humble himself, repent, and change his evil ways—but with increasing rebellion, Pharaoh chose to bring more judgment on himself and Egypt. Some might ask, “If God hardened Pharaoh’s heart, how can Pharaoh be morally responsible?” Can both God’s sovereign choice and man’s responsibility be true? In “Why Did God Harden Pharaoh’s Heart?,” Daryl E.

  1. Witmer referenced Romans 9 : “God is in such total control that He can and does sovereignly elect to show mercy to some people while hardening the hearts of others.
  2. And He is just in doing so.” In the same article, Dr.
  3. John Piper wrote, “There is a genuine inclination in God’s heart to spare those who have committed treason against His kingdom.

But his motivation is complex, and not every true element in it rises to the level of effective choice. There are holy and just reasons for why the affections of God’s heart have the nature and intensity and proportion that they do.” God’s hardening of Pharaoh was not capricious or manipulative.

  • Neither did it mitigate Pharaoh’s culpability.
  • People are fully responsible and accountable for their actions and choices.
  • Erik Raymond wrote in “Why and How Did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart?” that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart as He simply revealed himself.
  • He revealed his power, supremacy, love for his people, hatred of sin, etc.

through the signs and wonders of the plagues,” Raymond said. “It is a biblical axiom that revelation devoid of illuminating grace hardens sinful hearts” (see John 8:45 ). God does not desire anyone to perish ( 2 Peter 3:9 ). He gave Pharaoh numerous opportunities to repent, but his depraved, unbelieving heart bucked against the knowledge of God and suppressed the truth in unrighteousness ( Romans 1:18-19 ).
In Exodus when Moses is trying to get Pharaoh to free the Israelites, it says multiple times that God hardens Pharaoh’s heart, which causes Pharaoh to refuse to let the Israelites go and then God has to send more plagues on Egypt. So, the question is, “If God wanted the Israelites to be set free, why would He harden Pharaoh’s heart, forcing Himself to send plagues on Egypt?” If you read close enough, you will find that God actually answers this question with His own words within the story, and while I recommend you read the entire story of Moses leading the Israelites out of Egypt, I will put a spotlight on a couple areas you can focus on in order to find this answer.

Exodus 7:3-5 (NLT) But I will make Pharaoh’s heart stubborn so I can multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. Even then Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you. So I will bring down my fist on Egypt. Then I will rescue my forces—my people, the Israelites—from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment.

When I raise my powerful hand and bring out the Israelites, the Egyptians will know that I am the LORD.” Exodus 10:1-2 (NLT) Then the LORD said to Moses, “Return to Pharaoh and make your demands again. I have made him and his officials stubborn so I can display my miraculous signs among them.

I’ve also done it so you can tell your children and grandchildren about how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and about the signs I displayed among them—and so you will know that I am the LORD.” So, according to God, He hardened Pharaoh’s heart so that He would have to send the plagues on Egypt in order to show both the Egyptians and the Israelites that He is the one true God.

The Egyptians used to worship lots and lots of different gods, each god had his or her own special ability and realm of control. Here are a few examples: they believed in the existence of a goddess named Iset or Isis. She was seen by the Egyptians as both a protector and mother of the Pharaohs.

  • They even used to believe that the Pharaoh who was ruling at any given time in Egypt was the living image of the god of the sky, named Horus.
  • If they wanted something like a good harvest or healthy cattle they would pray and offer sacrifices to the god which they believed controlled those things.
  • The Israelites had been living in Egypt for a long time at this point and many of them had been born and raised there so some of them had stopped believing in the real God and had started following the Egyptian religion and praying to their idols.

Of course God is not okay with people believing things which aren’t true and praying to idols. So, He had to show the Israelites and the Egyptians the truth about who really created them and how to best live their lives. This is why He sent the plagues, not to punish people, but to show them that their idols do not control the health of their cattle or the sunlight, so praying and sacrificing to idols was a waste of time.

The idols are not real and could not do anything. The God of the Bible controls the health of cattle, the sunlight, and everything in existence. Psalm 115:1-13 (NLT) Not to us, O LORD, not to us, but to your name goes all the glory for your unfailing love and faithfulness. Why let the nations say, “Where is their God?” Our God is in the heavens, and he does as he wishes.

Their idols are merely things of silver and gold, shaped by human hands. They have mouths but cannot speak, and eyes but cannot see. They have ears but cannot hear, and noses but cannot smell. They have hands but cannot feel, and feet but cannot walk, and throats but cannot make a sound.

And those who make idols are just like them, as are all who trust in them. O Israel, trust the LORD! He is your helper and your shield. O priests, descendants of Aaron, trust the LORD! He is your helper and your shield. All you who fear the LORD, trust the LORD! He is your helper and your shield. The LORD remembers us and will bless us.

He will bless the people of Israel and bless the priests, the descendants of Aaron. He will bless those who fear the LORD, both great and lowly. When God performed the plagues He made Pharaoh admit he couldn’t fix the problem himself, despite the fact that Pharaoh and his people all believed that Pharaoh was a god.

  1. Every time a plague came on Egypt, Pharaoh had to turn to God to get the plagues to stop.
  2. This showed everyone, the Egyptians and the Israelites, that the God of the Bible was who everyone should be worshiping, not false idols.
  3. God didn’t want to just free the Israelites from slavery.
  4. He wanted to free them, and the Egyptians, from the lies of a false religion.
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God wanted them to know the truth about the reality they live in. The truth is that there is only one God and He has the power to control everything. So, it is Him they should be turning to and not some fake gods which humans made up. Now, what does this mean for us today? Well, God is and always will be the only true and living God.

It is Him you should turn to with your worries and questions. Don’t let yourself get tricked into praying to anything other than the God of the Bible. There are lots of idols and fake gods in the world, but none of them actually have the power to help. Pray and turn to the God of the Bible. He promises us that He loves us and is there for us when we turn to Him 1 John 5:14 (NIV) This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us.

This series of blog posts titled, “Holding on to Reason”, is named after Amanda’s favorite C.S. Lewis quote: “Faith is the art of holding on to things your reason has once accepted, in spite of your changing moods.”

How did God Harden Pharaoh’s heart?

Why and How did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart? This question gets tossed around quite a bit and should definitely be thought through. The text is quite clear. The context is the book of Exodus, specifically the revelation of God in the ten plagues against the nation of Egypt in order to bring about the redemption of Israel from bondage.

Walt Kaiser observes the following concerning the hardening: “In all there are ten places where ‘hardening’ of Pharaoh is ascribed to God (4.21; 7.3; 9.12; 10.1, 20, 27; 11.10; 14.4, 8, 17). But it must be stated just as firmly that Pharaoh hardened his own heart in another ten passages (7.13, 14, 22; 8.15, 19, 32; 9.7, 34, 35; 13.15).

Thus the hardening was as much Pharaoh’s own act as it was the work of God. Even more significant is the fact that Pharaoh alone was the agent of the hardening in the first sing and in all the first five plagues. Not until the sixth plague was it stated that God actually moved in and hardened Pharaoh’s heart (9.12), as he had warned Moses in Midian that he would have to do,” So we see God actively acting in hardening Pharaoh’s heart.

  1. And we also see the clear responsibility of Pharaoh in the matter, as he hardens his own heart.
  2. Well how did God harden Pharaoh’s heart? God simply revealed himself.
  3. He revealed his power, supremacy, love for his people, hatred of sin, etc.
  4. Through the signs and wonders of the plagues.
  5. It was this revelation of God that hardened his heart.

Some say it is not fair that God hardened his heart. Well God revealed, he showed himself to Pharaoh through the signs and plagues. It was this revelation that hardened his heart. It is a biblical axiom that revelation devoid of illuminating grace hardens sinful hearts.

  • As someone else has said, ‘the same sun that melts the wax can harden the clay.’ You may be thinking of John 8.45 where Jesus said, “But because I speak the truth you do not believe me”.
  • So we come back to the old and familiar issue of unbelief.
  • The primary reason for a hard and unbelieving heart is not God.

The cause of a hard, calloused angry heart is an unbelieving (depraved) heart that bucks against divine revelation. The unbeliever hates and so suppresses the truth in unrighteousness. The issue is neither with the revelation nor the Revealer but instead it is the receiver of the revelation that is on the hook.

It is the sinner that must be conquered and this is because he is a sinner! And so the need for powerful irresistible grace is clear! Once again the Christian is brought back to reality and escorted unto humility as we are reminded that without God’s loving, merciful, conquering grace in our lives, we would stiffen our necks and harden our hearts in persistent devaluation of the God who powerfully reveals himself.

: Why and How did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart?

Was God’s hardening of Pharaoh capricious or manipulative?

Why Did God Also Harden Pharaoh’s Heart? – Suddenly, the pattern changes. With the plagues of the boils ( 9:8-12 ), locusts ( 10:13-20 ), darkness ( 10:21-27 ), and death of the firstborn ( 11:1-10 ), the Scriptures say God ” hardened Pharaoh’s heart,” That hardening continued even as he pursued the Israelites leaving Egypt ( 14:4-8 ).

God hardened Pharaoh’s heart because 1) Pharaoh was ungodly, not innocent; 2) he was already hardening his own heart; and 3) God sovereignly purposed to demonstrate His power and glory even through Pharaoh’s hardening ( Romans 9:17-18 ). God predicted Pharaoh’s resistance in Exodus 3:19 : ” I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him,” Early on, Pharaoh rejected God ( Exodus 5:2 ).

God extended mercy with warnings throughout the plagues—giving Pharaoh opportunities to humble himself, repent, and change his evil ways—but with increasing rebellion, Pharaoh chose to bring more judgment on himself and Egypt. Some might ask, “If God hardened Pharaoh’s heart, how can Pharaoh be morally responsible?” Can both God’s sovereign choice and man’s responsibility be true? In “Why Did God Harden Pharaoh’s Heart?,” Daryl E.

  1. Witmer referenced Romans 9 : “God is in such total control that He can and does sovereignly elect to show mercy to some people while hardening the hearts of others.
  2. And He is just in doing so.” In the same article, Dr.
  3. John Piper wrote, “There is a genuine inclination in God’s heart to spare those who have committed treason against His kingdom.
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But his motivation is complex, and not every true element in it rises to the level of effective choice. There are holy and just reasons for why the affections of God’s heart have the nature and intensity and proportion that they do.” God’s hardening of Pharaoh was not capricious or manipulative.

  • Neither did it mitigate Pharaoh’s culpability.
  • People are fully responsible and accountable for their actions and choices.
  • Erik Raymond wrote in “Why and How Did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart?” that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart as He simply revealed himself.
  • He revealed his power, supremacy, love for his people, hatred of sin, etc.

through the signs and wonders of the plagues,” Raymond said. “It is a biblical axiom that revelation devoid of illuminating grace hardens sinful hearts” (see John 8:45 ). God does not desire anyone to perish ( 2 Peter 3:9 ). He gave Pharaoh numerous opportunities to repent, but his depraved, unbelieving heart bucked against the knowledge of God and suppressed the truth in unrighteousness ( Romans 1:18-19 ).

What is the root of wicked Pharaoh’s problem?

In Psalm 10:4, the psalmist says, ” In his pride the wicked man does not seek Him; in all his thoughts there is no room for God,” Pride was the root of wicked Pharaoh’s problem in the book of Exodus—a sin that hardened his heart over time, but the Bible tells us God also hardened Pharaoh’s heart.

  • What can we learn from this Egyptian ruler’s downward spiral into destruction? The Pharaoh who oppressed Israel was not the ruler Joseph knew ( Exodus 1:8 ).
  • Some believe this new Pharaoh was Rameses—also spelled Ramses or Ramesses.
  • Rameses is the name of a city during the exodus ( 1:11 ).
  • But the Bible does not give us this ruler’s name.

It appears the Pharaoh who ruled in the early chapters of Exodus was dead by the time Moses sought to free Israel ( Exodus 2:23; 3:7-9 ). Rameses II may have been the early oppressor of God’s people, and his son, Merneptah, would have ruled during the exodus.

  1. But Amenhotep II is also identified as the exodus Pharaoh by many biblical interpreters—the most popular choice.
  2. What can be known is this: The Pharaoh of the exodus was incredibly resistant to letting the Israelites leave Egypt! The pharaohs had enslaved the Israelites—the number of which is disputed by Bible scholars—for 430 years ( Exodus 12:40-41 ) before the exodus.

Ancient Pharaohs were considered gods, which contributed to their arrogance. The pharaoh of the exodus was an evil, totalitarian dictator—cruel and vindictive, brutally abusing and oppressing the Israelites ( Exodus 1:9-16; 2:23; 3:9; 6:5 ).

When the heavy hail came Pharaoh’s heart hardened?

Did Pharaoh Harden His Own Heart? – Pharaoh’s pride and arrogance caused rebellion against the Word of God spoken through Moses. When Moses tried to give him a proper, humble view of God, Pharaoh refused to consider his words. In “Danger in Pride,” Jamie Wood wrote, “Pride beckons you to buy into a lie that you are something you are not.

Pride is a rebellion against God because it attributes to self the glory and honor of God alone.” But also, she said, “Humility forges the way for wisdom.” Pharaoh was far from being humble. He wanted all the glory, honor, and authority in his kingdom, so he made the foolish choice to defy the God of Israel.

Pharaoh selfishly put his own reputation above the Egyptians’ welfare. When his leaders and magicians understood the terrible plagues were from the God of the Israelites—the leaders and people highly regarded Moses—the king ignored their concerns ( 8:19; 10:7; 11:3 ).

His authority would not be challenged, and his glory would not be shared. In the first five and the seventh plagues God sent on Egypt, the hardening seems to come through Pharaoh’s will, or the source is ambiguous. After the plague of the blood, his heart ” became hard ” ( 7:22 ). After frogs covered the land, he ” hardened his own heart ” ( 8:15 ).

When Egypt was infested with gnats, his heart ” was hard ” ( 8:19 ). When the flies came, ” Pharaoh hardened his own heart ” ( 8:32 ). When the Egyptians’ livestock died, Pharaoh’s heart ” was hard ” ( 9:7 ). When the heavy hail came, Pharaoh ” hardened his own heart ” and it ” was hardened ” ( 9:34-35 ).

How did God Harden Pharaoh’s heart?

Why and How did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart? This question gets tossed around quite a bit and should definitely be thought through. The text is quite clear. The context is the book of Exodus, specifically the revelation of God in the ten plagues against the nation of Egypt in order to bring about the redemption of Israel from bondage.

Walt Kaiser observes the following concerning the hardening: “In all there are ten places where ‘hardening’ of Pharaoh is ascribed to God (4.21; 7.3; 9.12; 10.1, 20, 27; 11.10; 14.4, 8, 17). But it must be stated just as firmly that Pharaoh hardened his own heart in another ten passages (7.13, 14, 22; 8.15, 19, 32; 9.7, 34, 35; 13.15).

Thus the hardening was as much Pharaoh’s own act as it was the work of God. Even more significant is the fact that Pharaoh alone was the agent of the hardening in the first sing and in all the first five plagues. Not until the sixth plague was it stated that God actually moved in and hardened Pharaoh’s heart (9.12), as he had warned Moses in Midian that he would have to do,” So we see God actively acting in hardening Pharaoh’s heart.

And we also see the clear responsibility of Pharaoh in the matter, as he hardens his own heart. Well how did God harden Pharaoh’s heart? God simply revealed himself. He revealed his power, supremacy, love for his people, hatred of sin, etc. through the signs and wonders of the plagues. It was this revelation of God that hardened his heart.

Some say it is not fair that God hardened his heart. Well God revealed, he showed himself to Pharaoh through the signs and plagues. It was this revelation that hardened his heart. It is a biblical axiom that revelation devoid of illuminating grace hardens sinful hearts.

  • As someone else has said, ‘the same sun that melts the wax can harden the clay.’ You may be thinking of John 8.45 where Jesus said, “But because I speak the truth you do not believe me”.
  • So we come back to the old and familiar issue of unbelief.
  • The primary reason for a hard and unbelieving heart is not God.
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The cause of a hard, calloused angry heart is an unbelieving (depraved) heart that bucks against divine revelation. The unbeliever hates and so suppresses the truth in unrighteousness. The issue is neither with the revelation nor the Revealer but instead it is the receiver of the revelation that is on the hook.

It is the sinner that must be conquered and this is because he is a sinner! And so the need for powerful irresistible grace is clear! Once again the Christian is brought back to reality and escorted unto humility as we are reminded that without God’s loving, merciful, conquering grace in our lives, we would stiffen our necks and harden our hearts in persistent devaluation of the God who powerfully reveals himself.

: Why and How did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart?

Was God’s hardening of Pharaoh capricious or manipulative?

Why Did God Also Harden Pharaoh’s Heart? – Suddenly, the pattern changes. With the plagues of the boils ( 9:8-12 ), locusts ( 10:13-20 ), darkness ( 10:21-27 ), and death of the firstborn ( 11:1-10 ), the Scriptures say God ” hardened Pharaoh’s heart,” That hardening continued even as he pursued the Israelites leaving Egypt ( 14:4-8 ).

  1. God hardened Pharaoh’s heart because 1) Pharaoh was ungodly, not innocent; 2) he was already hardening his own heart; and 3) God sovereignly purposed to demonstrate His power and glory even through Pharaoh’s hardening ( Romans 9:17-18 ).
  2. God predicted Pharaoh’s resistance in Exodus 3:19 : ” I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him,” Early on, Pharaoh rejected God ( Exodus 5:2 ).

God extended mercy with warnings throughout the plagues—giving Pharaoh opportunities to humble himself, repent, and change his evil ways—but with increasing rebellion, Pharaoh chose to bring more judgment on himself and Egypt. Some might ask, “If God hardened Pharaoh’s heart, how can Pharaoh be morally responsible?” Can both God’s sovereign choice and man’s responsibility be true? In “Why Did God Harden Pharaoh’s Heart?,” Daryl E.

  • Witmer referenced Romans 9 : “God is in such total control that He can and does sovereignly elect to show mercy to some people while hardening the hearts of others.
  • And He is just in doing so.” In the same article, Dr.
  • John Piper wrote, “There is a genuine inclination in God’s heart to spare those who have committed treason against His kingdom.

But his motivation is complex, and not every true element in it rises to the level of effective choice. There are holy and just reasons for why the affections of God’s heart have the nature and intensity and proportion that they do.” God’s hardening of Pharaoh was not capricious or manipulative.

  1. Neither did it mitigate Pharaoh’s culpability.
  2. People are fully responsible and accountable for their actions and choices.
  3. Erik Raymond wrote in “Why and How Did God ‘Harden’ Pharaoh’s Heart?” that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart as He simply revealed himself.
  4. He revealed his power, supremacy, love for his people, hatred of sin, etc.

through the signs and wonders of the plagues,” Raymond said. “It is a biblical axiom that revelation devoid of illuminating grace hardens sinful hearts” (see John 8:45 ). God does not desire anyone to perish ( 2 Peter 3:9 ). He gave Pharaoh numerous opportunities to repent, but his depraved, unbelieving heart bucked against the knowledge of God and suppressed the truth in unrighteousness ( Romans 1:18-19 ).

What is a hardened heart in the Bible?

The term hardened heart is an idiomatic term which actually means mind. The bible says that it is God who opens the mind via His Holy Spirit. It is God who chooses who is born blind or deaf (naturally abilities). It is also God who chooses who receives the spiritual ability to hear/discern his truth.

When the heavy hail came Pharaoh’s heart hardened?

Did Pharaoh Harden His Own Heart? – Pharaoh’s pride and arrogance caused rebellion against the Word of God spoken through Moses. When Moses tried to give him a proper, humble view of God, Pharaoh refused to consider his words. In “Danger in Pride,” Jamie Wood wrote, “Pride beckons you to buy into a lie that you are something you are not.

  1. Pride is a rebellion against God because it attributes to self the glory and honor of God alone.” But also, she said, “Humility forges the way for wisdom.” Pharaoh was far from being humble.
  2. He wanted all the glory, honor, and authority in his kingdom, so he made the foolish choice to defy the God of Israel.

Pharaoh selfishly put his own reputation above the Egyptians’ welfare. When his leaders and magicians understood the terrible plagues were from the God of the Israelites—the leaders and people highly regarded Moses—the king ignored their concerns ( 8:19; 10:7; 11:3 ).

His authority would not be challenged, and his glory would not be shared. In the first five and the seventh plagues God sent on Egypt, the hardening seems to come through Pharaoh’s will, or the source is ambiguous. After the plague of the blood, his heart ” became hard ” ( 7:22 ). After frogs covered the land, he ” hardened his own heart ” ( 8:15 ).

When Egypt was infested with gnats, his heart ” was hard ” ( 8:19 ). When the flies came, ” Pharaoh hardened his own heart ” ( 8:32 ). When the Egyptians’ livestock died, Pharaoh’s heart ” was hard ” ( 9:7 ). When the heavy hail came, Pharaoh ” hardened his own heart ” and it ” was hardened ” ( 9:34-35 ).