How To Control Blood Sugar In Pregnancy?

How To Control Blood Sugar In Pregnancy
Sweets and desserts should be avoided as they may lead to high blood sugar levels.

  1. Eat 3 meals and 2–3 snacks per day.
  2. Measure your servings of starchy foods.
  3. One 8-ounce cup of milk at a time.
  4. One small portion of fruit at a time.
  5. Eat more fiber.
  6. Breakfast Matters.
  7. Avoid fruit juice and sugary drinks.

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Can high blood sugar affect baby?

Complications that may affect your baby – If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of:

Excessive birth weight. If your blood sugar level is higher than the standard range, it can cause your baby to grow too large. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth. Early (preterm) birth. High blood sugar may increase the risk of early labor and delivery before the due date. Or early delivery may be recommended because the baby is large. Serious breathing difficulties. Babies born early may experience respiratory distress syndrome — a condition that makes breathing difficult. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Sometimes babies have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may cause seizures in the baby. Prompt feedings and sometimes an intravenous glucose solution can return the baby’s blood sugar level to normal. Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Babies have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.

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What should be avoided during pregnancy with diabetes?

Foods to Avoid With Gestational Diabetes – All foods can be eaten in moderation, but it’s best to avoid high-sugar foods and drinks such as cookies, candy, and soft drinks. Foods that are high in simple carbohydrates such as breakfast cereals, white rice, white flour, and processed foods or snacks are also big culprits when it comes to raising your blood sugar levels more quickly.

  1. At some point, you might find yourself craving a certain sugary or processed food.
  2. If that happens, have a small amount, and move on.
  3. For instance, if you’re craving soda, just take a sip from your partner’s cup and order yourself a glass of cold water or a diet soda.
  4. Don’t torture yourself thinking you can’t have it.

This could make the craving even stronger, and you may end up eating or drinking much more than you meant to. Here’s a bit more detail on the foods and drinks you will need to limit or avoid with gestational diabetes:
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Is Apple good for diabetic pregnant?

These foods are what you should be eating with gestational diabetes: –

Fresh vegetablesFruits like apples, oranges, peas, berries, grapefruit, etc.EggsWhole-grain breads and cerealsNon-starchy vegetablesStarchy vegetables like carrots and peasBeansChickenChickpeasTofuNutsQuinoaSeedsAvocadosSardinesSalmonOlive oilPeanut oilTunaPopcornGreek yogurt

Gestational diabetes: Women with this condition should eat tofu Photo Credit: iStock Also read: 8 Ways To Avoid Developing Diabetes But besides that, it is more important for you to know which kind of foods you must avoid with gestational diabetes. We have compiled a list of such foods. Keep reading.

Fast foodProcessed foodsAlcoholBaked treatsFried foodSugary drinksStarchy foods like potatoes and riceCandies

Gestational diabetes: Women with this condition should avoid sugary foods Photo Credit: iStock Also read: 3 Simple Steps To Prevent Gestational Diabetes Once diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you need to be extra careful about what you eat. After all, this is when it’s not just your health which will be affected; your baby’s health will be at risk too.
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What does a 160 blood sugar level mean?

Blood Sugar: When It’s Too Low or Too High – The hormone insulin takes sugar (glucose) from food and uses it for energy. With type 2 diabetes, you don’t have enough insulin or your body isn’t effective at using insulin, and excess sugar continues to circulate in your bloodstream.

A target blood sugar range for most people with type 2 diabetes is 80 to 130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl one to two hours after starting a meal, according to the American Diabetes Association. A reading of 160 mg/dl or higher is typically considered high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).

Over time, blood sugar in the range of 160 to 250 mg/dl can affect every organ in your body, Dr. Reddy says. It’s associated with heart disease, eye disease, kidney disease, neuropathy, stroke, and vascular disease. If blood sugar goes as high as 500 mg/dl, you may experience symptoms such as thirst, the urge to urinate more often, weight loss, low energy, and drowsiness, he says.

  1. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs when levels fall to less than 70 mg/dl.
  2. This is a risk when you take insulin or other diabetes medications, have gone too long without a meal, have been active, or have been drinking alcohol.
  3. If your blood sugar goes too low, you’ll probably feel shaky and sweaty and you may develop tremors, Reddy says.

Other symptoms may include a racing heart, headache, weakness, confusion, hunger, irritability, lack of coordination, and pale skin. If your blood sugar continues to drop to 30 mg/dl and below, you could slip into a diabetic coma.
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Is 160 glucose a diabetes?

What is a normal blood sugar level? – According to the American Diabetes Association, a normal fasting blood sugar (in the morning when you haven’t had anything to eat or drink except water for 8 hours ) is less than 100 mg/dL. A fasting blood sugar reading of 100-125 mg/dL indicates prediabetes, and a reading above 125 indicates diabetes.

Fasting Blood Sugar Result
Less than 100 mg/dl Normal
100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl Prediabetes
126 mg/dl or higher Diabetes

If you live outside the US and are used to measures in mmol/L, just divide all numbers by 18) If you test your blood sugar two hours after eating or drinking something containing sugar instead (an oral glucose tolerance test), the numbers to look for are:

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Result
Less than 140 mg/dl Normal
140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl Prediabetes
200 mg/dl or higher Diabetes

You can learn more in the in-depth article: What Are Normal Blood Sugar Levels?
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What number is too high for gestational diabetes?

Most doctors and nurses consider your blood sugar level in the screening test to be high if it is above 130 to 140 mg/dL (7.2 to 7.7 mmol/L). If your blood sugar level is very high ( ≥200 mg/dL ), there is a very strong chance that you have gestational diabetes.
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Is 160 considered diabetes?

Yes, normal value of blood sugar post eating is 120 – 140 mg/dl. Post meal value of 160 mg/dl indicates prediabetes.
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