Sweets and desserts should be avoided as they may lead to high blood sugar levels.
- Eat 3 meals and 2–3 snacks per day.
- Measure your servings of starchy foods.
- One 8-ounce cup of milk at a time.
- One small portion of fruit at a time.
- Eat more fiber.
- Breakfast Matters.
- Avoid fruit juice and sugary drinks.
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What happens if my glucose is high in pregnancy?
Complications that may affect your baby – If you have gestational diabetes, your baby may be at increased risk of:
Excessive birth weight. If your blood sugar level is higher than the standard range, it can cause your baby to grow too large. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth. Early (preterm) birth. High blood sugar may increase the risk of early labor and delivery before the due date. Or early delivery may be recommended because the baby is large. Serious breathing difficulties. Babies born early may experience respiratory distress syndrome — a condition that makes breathing difficult. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Sometimes babies have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may cause seizures in the baby. Prompt feedings and sometimes an intravenous glucose solution can return the baby’s blood sugar level to normal. Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Babies have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.
How can I lower my glucose quickly?
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process. Healthline only shows you brands and products that we stand behind. Our team thoroughly researches and evaluates the recommendations we make on our site. To establish that the product manufacturers addressed safety and efficacy standards, we:
Evaluate ingredients and composition: Do they have the potential to cause harm? Fact-check all health claims: Do they align with the current body of scientific evidence? Assess the brand: Does it operate with integrity and adhere to industry best practices?
We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness. When your blood sugar level gets too high — known as hyperglycemia or high blood glucose — the quickest way to reduce it is to take fast-acting insulin. Exercising is another fast, effective way to lower blood sugar.
shortness of breathbreath that smells fruitynausea and vomitinga very dry mouth
If you aren’t sure what to do, call your doctor to get instructions on administering a dose of insulin, and for advice about whether to go to the emergency room. This article looks at ways to lower your blood sugar quickly, when to go to the emergency room or see a doctor, and tips for managing high blood sugar.
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What food to avoid for diabetes during pregnancy?
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) that starts during pregnancy. Eating a balanced, healthy diet can help you manage gestational diabetes. The diet recommendations that follow are for women with gestational diabetes who do NOT take insulin.
Plenty of whole fruits and vegetablesModerate amounts of lean proteins and healthy fatsModerate amounts of whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peasFewer foods that have a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries
You should eat three small- to moderate-sized meals and one or more snacks each day. Do not skip meals and snacks. Keep the amount and types of food (carbohydrates, fats, and proteins) about the same from day to day. This can help you keep your blood sugar stable. CARBOHYDRATES
Less than half the calories you eat should come from carbohydrates.Most carbohydrates are found in starchy or sugary foods. They include bread, rice, pasta, cereal, potatoes, peas, corn, fruit, fruit juice, milk, yogurt, cookies, candy, soda, and other sweets.High-fiber, whole-grain carbohydrates are healthy choices. These types of carbohydrates are called complex carbohydrates.Try to avoid eating simple carbohydrates, such as potatoes, french-fries, white rice, candy, soda, and other sweets. This is because they cause your blood sugar to rise quickly after you eat such foods.Vegetables are good for your health and your blood sugar. Enjoy lots of them.Carbohydrates in food are measured in grams. You can learn to count the amount of carbohydrates in the foods that you eat.
GRAINS, BEANS, AND STARCHY VEGETABLES Eat 6 or more servings a day. One serving equals:
1 slice bread1 ounce (28 grams) ready-to-eat cereal1/2 cup (105 grams) cooked rice or pasta1 English muffin
Choose foods loaded with vitamins, minerals, fiber, and healthy carbohydrates. They include:
Whole-grain breads and crackersWhole grain cerealsWhole grains, such as barley or oatsBeansBrown or wild riceWhole-wheat pastaStarchy vegetables, such as corn and peas
Use whole-wheat or other whole-grain flours in cooking and baking. Eat more low-fat breads, such as tortillas, English muffins, and pita bread. VEGETABLES Eat 3 to 5 servings a day. One serving equals:
1 cup (340 grams) leafy, green vegetables1 cup (340 grams) cooked or chopped raw leafy vegetables3/4 cup (255 grams) vegetable juice1/2 cup (170 grams) of chopped vegetables, cooked or raw
Healthy vegetable choices include:
Fresh or frozen vegetables without added sauces, fats, or saltDark green and deep yellow vegetables, such as spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce, carrots, and peppers
FRUITS Eat 2 to 4 servings a day. One serving equals:
1 medium whole fruit (such as a banana, apple, or orange)1/2 cup (170 grams) chopped, frozen, cooked, or canned fruit3/4 cup (180 milliliters) fruit juice
Healthy fruit choices include:
Whole fruits rather than juices. They have more fiber.Citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, and tangerines.Fruit juices without added sugar.Fresh fruits and juices. They are more nutritious than frozen or canned varieties.
MILK AND DAIRY Eat 4 servings of low-fat or nonfat dairy products a day. One serving equals:
1 cup (240 milliliters) milk or yogurt1 1/2 oz (42 grams) natural cheese2 oz (56 grams) processed cheese
Healthy dairy choices include:
Low-fat or nonfat milk or yogurt. Avoid yogurt with added sugar or artificial sweeteners.Dairy products are a great source of protein, calcium, and phosphorus.
PROTEIN (MEAT, FISH, DRY BEANS, EGGS, AND NUTS) Eat 2 to 3 servings a day. One serving equals:
2 to 3 oz (55 to 84 grams) cooked meat, poultry, or fish1/2 cup (170 grams) cooked beans1 egg2 tablespoons (30 grams) peanut butter
Healthy protein choices include:
Fish and poultry. Remove the skin from chicken and turkey.Lean cuts of beef, veal, pork, or wild game.Trim all visible fat from meat. Bake, roast, broil, grill, or boil instead of frying. Foods from this group are excellent sources of B vitamins, protein, iron, and zinc.
Sweets are high in fat and sugar, so limit how often you eat them. Keep portion sizes small.Even sugar-free sweets may not be the best choice. This is because they may not be free of carbohydrates or calories.Ask for extra spoons or forks and split your dessert with others.
FATS In general, you should limit your intake of fatty foods.
Go easy on butter, margarine, salad dressing, cooking oil, and desserts.Avoid fats high in saturated fat such as hamburger, cheese, bacon, and butter.Don’t cut fats and oils from your diet entirely. They provide energy for growth and are essential for baby’s brain development.Choose healthy oils, such as canola oil, olive oil, peanut oil, and safflower oil. Include nuts, avocados, and olives.
OTHER LIFESTYLE CHANGES Your provider may also suggest a safe exercise plan. Walking is usually the easiest type of exercise, but swimming or other low-impact exercises can work just as well. Exercise can help you keep your blood sugar in control. YOUR HEALTH CARE TEAM IS THERE TO HELP YOU In the beginning, meal planning may be overwhelming.
But it will get easier as you gain more knowledge about foods and their effects on your blood sugar. If you’re having problems with meal planning, talk with your health care team. They are there to help you. Gestational diabetes diet ACOG Practice Bulletin No.190: Gestational diabetes mellitus. Obstet Gynecol,2018;131(2):e49-e64.
PMID: 29370047 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29370047/, American Diabetes Association.14. Management of diabetes in pregnancy: standards of medical care in diabetes – 2021. Diabetes Care,2021;44(Suppl1):S200-S210. PMID: 33298425 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33298425/,
Blickstein I, Perlman S, Hazan Y, Shinwell ES. Pregnancy complicated by diabetes mellitus. In: Martin RJ, Fanaroff AA, Walsh MC, eds. Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine,11th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 18. Landon MB, Catalano PM, Gabbe SG. Diabetes mellitus complicating pregnancy.
Easy Tips to Control Blood sugar during Pregnancy | Pregnancy Diabetes – Dr. Poornima Murthy
In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds. Gabbe’s Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies,8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 45. Updated by: John D. Jacobson, MD, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA.
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Can high blood sugar hurt my baby?
Effects of Diabetes on the Baby Diabetes Effects on the Baby Diabetes makes a pregnancy high risk. This is because diabetes can cause many potentially negative effects on the baby as well as the mother. Blood sugar is the baby’s food source and it passes from the mother through the placenta to the baby. When a woman has diabetes and her blood sugars are poorly controlled (too high), excess amounts of sugar are transported to the baby. Since the baby does not have diabetes, he/she is able to increase the production of insulin substantially in order to use this extra sugar. This abnormal cycle of events can result in several complications including: Macrosomia (large baby) Macrosomia refers to a baby born weighing more than 4,000g (8.8 pounds) or born at greater than the 90 percentile for the gestational age. In response to the excess amounts of sugar that the baby receives, large amounts of insulin are produced by the baby in order to convert the sugar into body fat. That is, the baby is being “overfed” while inside the uterus. As a result, the delivery can be more difficult for the baby and the mother with increased risk for injury to both. In addition, the odds of requiring a cesarean delivery can be much greater when the baby is too large. Most obstetricians perform an ultrasound to estimate the fetal weight before delivery and to determine if it is safe to attempt a vaginal delivery. Trying to deliver a very large baby vaginally, particularly when the mother has diabetes, can result in one of the most frightening obstetrical emergencies, a shoulder dystocia, where the baby’s head delivers but the shoulders are too large to fit through the birth canal. Neonatal Hypoglycemia Neonatal hypoglycemia is defined as low blood sugars in the baby after birth. If the baby’s pancreas is making large amounts of insulin in response to the mother’s high blood sugars, it will continue to do so for a time after delivery. Since the sugar supply from the mother is no longer present once the baby has delivered, blood sugar can drop too low (hypoglycemia, blood sugar < 40 mg/dl). The baby can become fussy, jittery or may even have a seizure or breathing problems. Because of these possible complications, most babies born to women with diabetes will be monitored very closely for the first few hours of life with frequent heel sticks to check their blood sugars. These babies may require more frequent breast or bottle-feeding to maintain their blood sugars at a normal range and in some cases will require intravenous fluids with glucose. Other Neonatal Metabolic Problems In addition to hypoglycemia, the excess insulin can also infrequently be responsible for other metabolic complications such as jaundice (yellowing of the skin) and imbalances of calcium or magnesium. The chances of a baby being born with diabetes are extremely rare particularly in cases where the mother has gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes tends to run in families and offspring may be at increased risk for developing it in adulthood. Children of mothers with Type 1 diabetes have less than a 5% chance of developing diabetes during childhood. In fact, the baby has a greater risk if his/her father has Type 1 diabetes. Stillbirth When blood sugars are persistently high, blood vessel damage in the placenta and poor oxygen and nutrient supply to the baby can occur. This decrease in oxygen may cause health damage to the baby including death or stillbirth. This rarely occurs in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes and is more likely to occur if the mother had diabetes (either Type 1 or 2) before the pregnancy (pre-gestational diabetes). Because of this, women with pre-gestational diabetes should be monitored more closely toward the end of pregnancy. Birth Defects In the general population, there is about a 2 to 3% risk for having a baby with a major birth defect. Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes do not have a greater risk of birth defects than the general population. In women with pregestational diabetes, this risk is increased about three to fourfold particularly if blood sugars are high during the early weeks of pregnancy. This is the developmental time period when the baby is forming its vital organs. The risk for having a baby with one of these birth defects is directly correlated with how poorly the blood sugar was controlled during the first few weeks of pregnancy. The most common birth defects are those of the brain, spinal cord and heart. The majority of these birth defects can be detected during the first half of the pregnancy with ultrasound studies and prenatal diagnostic tests. Having diabetes does not increase the risk for having a baby with a chromosome problem such as Down syndrome over the age-related risk. The key to minimizing the risks for having a baby with a birth defect is to seek preconception medical care in order to optimize blood sugar control before becoming pregnant. : Effects of Diabetes on the BabyView complete answer
What can a pregnant diabetic eat for breakfast?
Breakfast cereals AKA ‘GD kryptonite’! – The majority of dietitians and hospital dietary info. will suggest a suitable gestational diabetes breakfast as one of the following; Weetabix, Bran flakes, All Bran, Shreddies, Shredded Wheat, Granola, No added sugar Muesli, or porridge oats with semi-skimmed, or skimmed milk.
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What triggers diabetes during pregnancy?
What Causes Gestational Diabetes? – Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin during your pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into the cells in your body for use as energy.
- During pregnancy, your body makes more hormones and goes through other changes, such as weight gain.
- These changes cause your body’s cells to use insulin less effectively, a condition called insulin resistance,
- Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin.
- All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy.
However, some women have insulin resistance even before they get pregnant. They start pregnancy with an increased need for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes. About 50% of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes, but there are steps you can take to prevent it.
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