Maybe you wish you planned for your pregnancy in every way possible — including being at a moderate weight beforehand. But for many people, this isn’t realistic. Pregnancy, while an exciting time, can turn into a weight dilemma for those who are already overweight.
This is because of the inevitable weight gain associated with having a baby. Fortunately, growing research suggests that losing some weight during pregnancy might be possible — and even beneficial — for some people with a high weight, or BMI over 30. Losing weight, on the other hand, isn’t appropriate during pregnancy for those who were at a moderate weight before pregnancy.
If you believe you can benefit from weight loss during pregnancy, talk with your doctor about how to do so safely without affecting the fetus.
View complete answer
Can you lose weight while pregnant in third trimester?
Don’t try to lose weight while pregnant — go for healthy weight gain with good nutrition and exercise Losing weight while pregnant, other than in the early weeks, is not healthy for you or your baby. Dieting, trying to stay the same weight or losing weight in the second or third trimester of your pregnancy can deprive your baby of nutrients needed to grow and develop.
- Obesity or being overweight during pregnancy can lead to high blood pressure, preeclampsia and issues with blood clotting, as well as gestational diabetes and other complications.
- The best way to have a healthy pregnancy is to optimize your health prior to pregnancy, including achieving a healthy weight,” said, an OB/GYN with Norton Women’s Care.
“It generally is not recommended to ‘diet’ or attempt to lose weight during pregnancy, because it could keep the fetus from getting essential nutrients.”
View complete answer
How much should I weigh in my third trimester?
Pregnancy weight gain in each trimester – Pregnancy weight gain in each trimester will depend on a variety of factors, such as metabolism, activity level, and genetics. Gradual and steady weight gain is important since the baby needs a steady supply of nutrients and calories to grow in the womb. Recommended weight gain during each trimester for women with normal BMI before conception is
First trimester : Weight gain should be minimal. Most women gain 2 to 4 pounds during the first trimester. Some women may lose some weight due to morning sickness, which is normal. Some may gain more weight in the first trimester due to pregnancy cravings. Weight loss or gain of more than 5 to 10 percent of the pre-pregnancy weight in the first trimester needs to be discussed with the doctor. Second trimester : During the second trimester weight gain should be steady, averaging around 1 pound a week for the rest of the pregnancy. This comes to around 11 to 13 pounds in the second trimester. Third trimester : Weight gain should be steady and gradual during the third trimester. Healthy weight gain should be around 0.5 to 1 pound a week. At the end of the third trimester, some women find their weight remains steady or goes down during the ninth month, which is normal.
How much weight gain is too much third trimester?
What are the risks of gaining too much weight during pregnancy? – Gaining too much weight during pregnancy puts moms and their babies at risk for health problems both during pregnancy and after, including:
- Less accurate ultrasound results, If you are overweight during pregnancy and have too much body fat, your practitioner may have a harder time looking at your baby (and diagnosing any problems that might require treatment) during your ultrasound exams. That may mean you’ll have longer exams and possibly more ultrasounds.
- Increased discomfort. Let’s face it, pregnancy isn’t all that comfortable to begin with — and those discomforts tend to multiply with the pounds. Excess weight gain can result in or aggravate everything from backaches and leg pain to overall exhaustion, not to mention varicose veins, calf cramps, heartburn, hemorrhoids and achy joints. And if too many extra pounds follow you to labor, they can also make the experience tougher.
- High blood pressure, Having gestational hypertension, which is diagnosed in the second half of pregnancy, can lead to issues during delivery.
- Preeclampsia. Gaining too much weight can up your risk of preeclampsia. In turn, that condition can lead to liver and kidney problems for you as well as increase your risk of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), placental abruption and other complications. If you gain more than three pounds in any one week in the second trimester, or if you gain more than two pounds in any week in the third trimester — especially if it doesn’t seem to be related to overeating or excessive intake of sodium — check with your practitioner, as it could be a sign of preeclampsia.
- Gestational diabetes, Being overweight or gaining too much weight during pregnancy puts you at risk of gestational diabetes,
- A large baby. The heavier you are, the more likely it is that you’ll give birth to an overly big baby (macrosomia) at birth (which can also happen as a result of gestational diabetes). Macrosomia increases the odds that a vaginal delivery will require the use of forceps or vacuum and ups your chances of delivering by C-section. Larger babies are also at greater risk of childhood obesity.
- Preterm labor, The higher your pre-pregnancy BMI and the more weight you gain during pregnancy, the more likely your baby is to be born prematurely, Preterm birth raises a baby’s risk of a number of health issues depending on how premature the baby is, including breathing difficulties, eating challenges and, sometimes, developmental and learning problems later in life.
- Obesity and ongoing health issues. If you gain too much weight, you may have a harder time losing it after your baby is born than you would if you’d been able to stay within the guidelines. What’s more, women who gain excessively and don’t lose the extra weight in the six months to year after giving birth are at a higher risk of being overweight or even obese 10 years later, which comes with its own set of health challenges.
It is possible to get your weight gain under control with help from your doctor by modifying your diet and exercise routines. So don’t beat yourself up if you’re putting on too many pounds during your pregnancy. Just do what you can to get back on track as soon as possible.
View complete answer
Do you burn more calories 3rd trimester?
For the first six months of your pregnancy ( first and second trimesters ), you won’t need to have more calories than you did before you became pregnant. That’s about 2,000 calories a day, on average. However, during the last three months of your pregnancy ( third trimester), you will need an extra 200 calories a day, making a total of about 2,200 calories a day.
your heightyour current weighthow active you areyour body composition and genetics
However, you may need to adjust your calorie intake if you are expecting twins or more, or if before you were pregnant:
your BMI was 19 or under ( underweight )your BMI was 25 or over ( overweight )your BMI was 30 or over (obese)
Talk to your midwife if you fall into any of these categories. She will record your weight at your first antenatal appointment, She can also tell you what a healthy weight gain in pregnancy would mean for you. There are lots of delicious, healthy snacks you can have for an extra 200 calories in your third trimester. Here are a few ideas to get you started:
A small, toasted wholegrain pitta, filled with a tablespoon of hummus with grated carrot and three chopped dried apricots.A small bowl of muesli with milk, and an apple.A slice of wholegrain toast, with mashed avocado or peanut butter.A yoghurt with a sprinkle of almonds.A slice of malt loaf, with cheese.
Being pregnant may sometimes make you crave fatty and sugary food. You shouldn’t go hungry, but try to get the balance right. Treating yourself to the odd packet of crisps is fine. The rest of the time, try to have healthy snacks between meals. Supplements in pregnancy Find out what vitamin supplements you might need when you’re pregnant More pregnancy videos These tips will help you to feel full, while keeping your calorie count under control:
Eat breakfast every day. If you feel sick in the morning, try nibbling dry toast or crackers when you wake up. Ask your partner to bring you something before you get out of bed, and then eat the rest of your breakfast later in the morning.Help to control your appetite by eating high-fibre foods, drinking plenty of water, and taking regular exercise, Eat at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.Keep healthy foods to hand. A fruit bowl filled with apples, bananas, peaches, oranges and grapes makes it easy to grab a healthy snack. Also try a handful of mixed nuts, plain yogurt with a handful of berries, oat crackers with avocado dip or mashed sardines.Have a small amount of protein, such as lean chicken, with each meal. Balanced meals help you to feel fuller for longer.
Rather than counting calories, it’s better to eat when you are hungry, and stick to healthy foods whenever you can. If you develop gestational diabetes and your body mass index (BMI) was 27 or over before you became pregnant, your midwife or doctor may give you different advice.
- She may recommend that you lose some weight by restricting the amount of calories you eat and doing more exercise.
- This will help to manage the levels of sugar (glucose) in your blood.
- Your midwife, diabetes nurse or doctor will be able to give you more detailed advice, or you may be referred to a dietitian.
Discover more about how to have a healthy pregnancy
Watch our video on activities to avoid when you’re pregnant,Check out our pregnancy weight gain estimator to see how much weight you might expect to put on during your pregnancy. Our trimester-by-trimester meal planners can help you make sure you’re eating the right nutrients as well as the right number of calories.
Lorna Marsh is senior editor at BabyCentre. She has more than 20 years’ journalism and editing experience, including working for the NHS.
View complete answer
What are the signs of a big baby?
Symptoms – Fetal macrosomia can be difficult to detect and diagnose during pregnancy. Signs and symptoms include:
Large fundal height. During prenatal visits, your health care provider might measure your fundal height — the distance from the top of your uterus to your pubic bone. A larger than expected fundal height could be a sign of fetal macrosomia. Excessive amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios). Having too much amniotic fluid — the fluid that surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy — might be a sign that your baby is larger than average. The amount of amniotic fluid reflects your baby’s urine output, and a larger baby produces more urine. Some conditions that cause a baby to be larger might also increase his or her urine output.
How much does belly grow in third trimester?
Your Pregnant Belly: Third Trimester (Weeks 28 to 40) – You’re in the home stretch now, and your bump might be feeling stretched to the brink too. At this stage, if your pregnant belly feels tight and heavy, consider yourself an official member of the third-trimester club.
- By 28 weeks, your uterus—and your bump—has extended well above your belly button, Duke says.
- And as baby starts to put on more inches and ounces, they’ll continue pushing your belly outwards, creating a sensation of fullness or tightness in your tummy.
- Between 28 and 40 weeks, your cutie will grow from the size of an eggplant to a small pumpkin!) “You’re experiencing maximal distension of the uterus, skin, and abdominal muscles because the baby is taking up so much space,” Anderson says.
All of this fast growing and stretching can cause the skin around your belly (as well as your breasts, hips, butt and thighs) to develop—you guessed it— stretch marks, There’s not a whole lot you can do to prevent them, especially if they tend to run in your family, according to the American Academy of Dermatology,
- But trying not to gain more than the recommended amount of weight can help, says Anderson.
- If your body and pregnant belly stretch marks are itchy, regular moisturizing can provide relief.
- Toward the last few weeks or days of your pregnancy, you might notice your bump starting to sit a bit lower.
- A suddenly low pregnant belly may mean that baby is ” dropping,” or descending more deeply into your pelvis as your body prepares for labor and delivery, Anderson explains.
That dropping, also called “lightening,” can cause you to have a feeling of pressure in your pelvic region; if it becomes painful, let your doctor know. Speaking of pain, some women get uncomfortable twinges in their belly button during the third trimester.
Experts don’t fully understand why this happens, but it’s common and not typically cause for concern, says Anderson. It’s thought that the sensitive nerves and tendons around the belly button could be triggered when baby switches positions, causing a quick, sharp pain, she explains. What’s more, the appearance of your navel may change too.
if you’ve had an “innie” your whole life, you may be surprised to find that one day your pregnant belly button will just pop out ! All that pressure on your abdomen may give you a temporary “outie;” it should return to its normal position a few weeks or months after you give birth.
View complete answer
What is an unhealthy pregnancy weight?
The amount of weight gained during pregnancy is an important factor for the health of your pregnancy and for your and your baby’s long-term health. The amount of weight you should gain is determined by your body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy. A BMI of 18.5 to 24.9 is classified as normal weight.
- A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is classified as overweight.
- A BMI of 30 or greater is classified as obese.
- Women with a normal weight BMI are recommended to gain 25 to 35 pounds during pregnancy, women with an overweight BMI should gain 15 to 25 pounds, and women with a BMI of 30 or greater should gain 11 to 20 pounds.
Women who have excess weight before pregnancy have an increased risk of various complications, including gestational diabetes; high blood pressure disorders, such as preeclampsia; sleep apnea; and the need for a C-section. They are also more likely to have children who become overweight or obese.
Gaining too much weight during pregnancy can increase the risk of health problems in your baby, such as being born significantly larger than average, and can cause complications at birth, such as shoulder dystocia or preterm birth. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy can also increase the likelihood of postpartum weight retention.
Your doctor will help you determine how much you should gain and help manage your weight throughout pregnancy.
View complete answer
What trimester does the fetus rapidly gain weight?
Fetal development: The 3rd trimester – Fetal development continues during the third trimester. Your baby will open his or her eyes, gain more weight, and prepare for delivery. By Mayo Clinic Staff The end of your pregnancy is near! By now, you’re eager to meet your baby face to face.
View complete answer
Why does face get fat during pregnancy?
Most women gain weight during pregnancy, so this may be what your doctor was referring to. The added weight is spread evenly throughout your body, including on your face. Therefore, you may find that your face has more volume, your cheeks are fuller, and the hollowness beneath your eyes less apparent.
View complete answer
How many calories a day should I eat in 3rd trimester?
Pregnant women should eat a balanced diet. Making a baby is hard work for a woman’s body. Eating right is one of the best things you can do to help your baby grow and develop normally. Eating a balanced, healthy diet can help prevent:
Too much weight gainGestational diabetesThe chance of needing a C-sectionAnemia and infections in the motherPoor healingAn early birth of the babyA low birth-weight baby
The amount of healthy weight gain in pregnancy varies. These are general guidelines:
Normal total weight gain for a healthy woman is 25 to 35 pounds (11 to 16 kilograms).Overweight women should gain only 10 to 20 pounds (4 to 9 kilograms) during pregnancy.Underweight women or women with multiples (twins or more) should gain 35 to 45 pounds (16 to 20 kilograms) in pregnancy.
Ask your health care provider how much weight you should gain. Eating for two does not mean eating twice as much food. Pregnant women need about 300 extra calories a day. But, where these calories come from matters.
If you eat sweets or junk food, the extra calories do not provide the nutrients your baby needs.As a result, your growing baby will get the vitamins and minerals it needs from your own body. Your health could suffer.
Instead of junk food, choose foods that are:
High in proteinRich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fats and lower in trans fats and saturated fats Low in sugar (sugar provides only empty calories) or refined carbohydrates high in fiber
Other nutrients your baby needs are:
Calcium, for healthy growth.Iron, for the baby’s blood supply. It also prevents anemia in the mother.Folic acid, for reducing the risk for spina bifida (incomplete closing of the spinal column), anencephaly (defect of the brain), and other birth defects.
Eating a well-rounded diet with all of the right nutrients and getting at least 30 minutes of exercise per day is important for a healthy pregnancy. For most normal-weight pregnant women, the right amount of calories is:
About 1,800 calories per day during the first trimesterAbout 2,200 calories per day during the second trimesterAbout 2,400 calories per day during the third trimester
Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta:
Eat 9 to 11 servings a day.These foods give you carbohydrates. They turn into energy for your body and for your baby’s growth.Whole-grain and fortified products have folic acid and iron.
Vegetables are a good source of vitamins A and C, folic acid, iron, and magnesium.Eat 4 to 5 servings a day.Try to get at least 2 of your daily servings from green, leafy vegetables.
Eat 3 to 4 servings a day.Fruit gives you vitamins A and C, potassium, and fiber. Choose fresh fruits and juices. They are better for you than frozen or canned fruits. Eat plenty of vitamin C-rich foods, like citrus fruits, melons, and berries. Try to avoid juices that have sugar or sweeteners added.
Milk, yogurt, and cheese:
Eat 3 servings a day.Dairy products are a great source of protein, calcium, and phosphorus. If you need to limit calories and cholesterol, choose nonfat dairy products.
Meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts:
Eat 3 servings a day.Foods from this group are good sources of B vitamins, protein, iron, and zinc.
Fats and oils You need moderate amounts of fat in your diet for you and your growing baby. Fats provide long-term energy for growth and are needed for brain development. Women with special diet needs should plan their meals carefully to make sure they get the nutrition they need. Talk to your provider or a dietitian if you have a special diet, such as:
Vegetarian or veganLactose intolerantGluten-free
Pregnant women should also drink plenty of fluids. Avoid drinks with caffeine and sugar. Ask your provider how much fluid you should get each day. You should also take a prenatal vitamin that has folic acid, iron, and the other vitamins and minerals that all women need.
- Your provider may give you a prescription for vitamins.
- You can also get prenatal vitamins over-the-counter.
- Though no one knows why, many pregnant women have cravings for certain foods.
- It may be because of hormone changes.
- These cravings will often pass after the first 3 months.
- As long as you are getting all the nutrients you need for you and your baby, it is fine to have some of the foods you crave every now and then.
Sometimes, pregnant women will get strange cravings for things that are not food, such as dirt, clay, laundry detergent, or ice chips. This is called pica, and it may be caused by too little iron in the blood, which leads to anemia. Let your provider know if you have these cravings.
- Prenatal care – eating right Berger DS, West EH.
- Nutrition during pregnancy.
- In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds.
- Gabbe’s Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies,8th ed.
- Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 6.
- Cline M, Young N.
- Antepartum care.
- In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP, eds.
- Conn’s Current Therapy 2021,
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier 2021:1209-1216. Gregory KD, Ramos DE, Jauniaux ERM. Preconception and prenatal care. In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds. Gabbe’s Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies,8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2021:chap 5.
View complete answer
Does your metabolism speed up at the end of pregnancy?
The basal metabolic rate – The amount of oxygen consumed is an index of the pregnant woman’s metabolism when she is at rest—her basal metabolism. The rate begins to rise during the third month of pregnancy and may double the normal rate (+10 percent) by the time of delivery.
View complete answer
How much weight loss is normal at end of pregnancy?
How Long Will It Take to Get Back Into Shape? – The good news is that you might lose as much as 20 pounds (9 kg) in the first few weeks after giving birth. On average, new moms lose around 13 pounds (6 kg) due to the baby’s weight, the amniotic fluid, and the placenta when giving birth.
- The week after you deliver, you’ll likely shed several more pounds as you lose other retained fluids, like any extra water you’ve retained or the extra blood your body produced during pregnancy.
- Although you’ll notice your weight drops very quickly to start with, you may find the scale seems to get stuck.
It will take several months to shift the fat you gained during pregnancy. It might take about 6 to 12 months to get close to your pre-pregnancy weight. Losing one to two pounds a week is what experts recommend as healthy for most women. Your body needs time to recover and heal after pregnancy and childbirth, so try not to rush the process.
View complete answer
What happens to baby if I lose weight during pregnancy?
Can I lose weight while pregnant? – No matter how much you weigh, it’s not safe to lose weight while pregnant. (The one exception to this in the early weeks of pregnancy – see the reasons why below.) The effect of a mom’s weight gain or loss on her baby during pregnancy is a complicated issue that experts continue to study, but we know that losing weight during pregnancy isn’t compatible with growing a healthy baby.
View complete answer