What Causes High Blood Pressure In Pregnancy?

What Causes High Blood Pressure In Pregnancy
Pre-eclampsia – Pre-eclampsia is a condition that affects some pregnant women, typically after 20 weeks. It is a problem with the placenta that usually causes your blood pressure to rise. If left untreated, pre-eclampsia can be dangerous for you and your baby.

  • Pre-eclampsia is more common if you had high blood pressure before becoming pregnant, if you had pre-eclampsia in a previous pregnancy, or if you have a family history of your mother or sister developing pre-eclampsia.
  • You can feel well if you have high blood pressure, so it is important to attend your regular check-ups to have your blood pressure and urine tested.

Read more about pre-eclampsia and how pre-eclampsia is treated,
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What is the main cause of high blood pressure during pregnancy?

Lifestyle – Unhealthy lifestyle choices may lead to high blood pressure during pregnancy. Being overweight or obese, or not staying active are major risk factors for high blood pressure.
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What happens if BP is high during pregnancy?

Why is high blood pressure a problem during pregnancy? – High blood pressure during pregnancy poses the following risks:

  • Less blood flow to the placenta. If the placenta doesn’t get enough blood, the fetus might receive less oxygen and fewer nutrients. This can lead to slow growth (intrauterine growth restriction), low birth weight or premature birth. Babies born early can have breathing problems, increased risk of infection and other complications.
  • Placental abruption. In this condition, the placenta separates from the inner wall of the uterus before delivery. Preeclampsia and high blood pressure increase the risk of placental abruption. Severe abruption can cause heavy bleeding, which can be life-threatening for you and your baby.
  • Intrauterine growth restriction. High blood pressure might result in slowed or decreased fetal growth.
  • Injury to other organs. Poorly controlled high blood pressure can result in injury to the brain, eyes, heart, lungs, kidneys, liver and other major organs. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening.
  • Premature delivery. Sometimes an early delivery is needed to prevent life-threatening complications from high blood pressure during pregnancy.
  • Future cardiovascular disease. Having preeclampsia might increase the risk of future heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. The risk of future cardiovascular disease is higher if you’ve had preeclampsia more than once. It’s also higher if you’ve had a premature birth due to having high blood pressure during pregnancy.
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How can I reduce my blood pressure during pregnancy?

Things you can try yourself to reduce high blood pressure – Keeping active and doing some physical activity each day, such as walking or swimming, can help keep your blood pressure in the normal range. Eating a balanced diet and keeping your salt intake low can help to reduce blood pressure.
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What is the normal BP for a pregnant woman?

What Causes High Blood Pressure In Pregnancy Share on Pinterest A pregnant woman should monitor their blood pressure during pregnancy to ensure it stays within the normal range. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) state that a pregnant woman’s blood pressure should also be within the healthy range of less than 120/80 mm Hg,
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What foods increase blood pressure during pregnancy?

– Eating certain types of food can help you raise your blood pressure. Monitor your symptoms and regularly measure your blood pressure to see what works. Try to consume:

More fluids. Dehydration decreases blood volume, causing blood pressure to drop. Staying hydrated is especially important when exercising. Foods high in vitamin B-12. Too little vitamin B-12 can lead to a certain type of anemia, which can cause low blood pressure and fatigue. Foods high in B-12 include eggs, fortified cereals, animal meats, and nutritional yeast. Foods high in folate. Too little folate can also contribute to anemia. Examples of folate-rich foods include asparagus, beans, lentils, citrus fruits, leafy greens, eggs, and liver. Salt. Salty foods can increase blood pressure. Try eating canned soup, smoked fish, cottage cheese, pickled items, and olives, Caffeine. Coffee and caffeinated tea may temporarily spike blood pressure by stimulating the cardiovascular system and boosting your heart rate.

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What BP is preeclampsia?

What happens when you have preeclampsia? – When you have preeclampsia, your blood pressure is elevated (higher than 140/90 mmHg), and you may have high levels of protein in your urine. Preeclampsia puts stress on your heart and other organs and can cause serious complications.
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Can stress cause high blood pressure?

Reactions to stress can affect blood pressure – The body releases a surge of hormones when under stress. These hormones cause the heart to beat faster and the blood vessels to narrow. These actions increase blood pressure for a time. There’s no proof that stress by itself causes long-term high blood pressure.

  • Drinking too much alcohol or caffeine.
  • Eating unhealthy foods.
  • Eating too much.
  • Not moving enough.
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Heart disease also might be linked to certain health conditions related to stress, such as:

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Being cut off from friends and family.

There’s no proof that these conditions are directly linked to high blood pressure. But the hormones the body makes when under emotional stress might damage arteries. The artery damage might lead to heart disease. And symptoms of depression and anxiety might cause some people to forget to take medicines to control high blood pressure or other heart conditions.
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Can high blood pressure cause fetal death?

What Is High Blood Pressure? – Women who have hypertension before pregnancy will continue to have this condition during pregnancy. When a woman has pre-existing hypertension or develops hypertension before the 20th week of pregnancy, this is called chronic hypertension.

  1. In fact, nearly one in four women with chronic hypertension will develop preeclampsia during pregnancy, usually at mid-term.
  2. In such cases, the outlook for both mother and child is worse than it is for women who develop high blood pressure during their pregnancy.
  3. Pregnant women with chronic hypertension are at higher risk for premature birth, restricted growth or death of the fetus, congestive heart failure and renal failure.

Hypertensive disorders are the number two cause of maternal deaths in the United States. That’s why it’s important to pay attention to your blood pressure before it turns into the serious condition called preeclampsia.
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What foods should you avoid if you have high blood pressure while pregnant?

6. Foods with high amounts of salt – We get plenty of salt in the foods that we eat. Salt causes your body to retain water, so Dr. Chien recommends that people who are pregnant eat salty foods in moderation. “Too much salt could cause your blood pressure to rise, increasing your risk for preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure and swelling due to fluid retention,” notes Dr.
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Which fruit is good for high blood pressure?

Are you eating enough folate? – Not eating enough folate can also lead to anaemia which can cause low blood pressure. Include foods that are high in folates like asparagus, beans, and lentils in your diet. Fruits containing folate can help increase blood pressure.

Fruits good for low blood pressure patients include lime, orange, and grapefruit. Also, make sure to have your dose of green leafy vegetables. You can also add eggs and liver in your diet as they are a rich source of folates. Hypotension though in itself can be treatable, it may lead to complications that require expert care and hospitalisation.

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The medical bills may be hefty and may cause you financial stress. Hence, it is advisable to purchase a health insurance plan well beforehand to be prepared. You can also attach a critical illness cover to your insurance plan if there is a provision. It can act as an accessory to the life insurance plan and protect you in time of need.
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Why is high blood pressure not good in pregnancy?

If blood pressure goes up during pregnancy, it can place extra stress on your heart and kidneys. This can lead to heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. High blood pressure during pregnancy also increases the risk of preeclampsia, preterm birth, placental abruption, and cesarean birth.
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When should I worry about high blood pressure in pregnancy?

What are the treatments for preeclampsia? – Delivering the baby can often cure preeclampsia. When making a decision about treatment, your provider take into account several factors. They include how severe it is, how many weeks pregnant you are, and what the potential risks to you and your baby are:

If you are more than 37 weeks pregnant, your provider will likely want to deliver the baby. If you are less than 37 weeks pregnant, your health care provider will closely monitor you and your baby. This includes blood and urine tests for you. Monitoring for the baby often involves ultrasound, heart rate monitoring, and checking on the baby’s growth. You may need to take medicines, to control your blood pressure and to prevent seizures. Some women also get steroid injections, to help the baby’s lungs mature faster. If the preeclampsia is severe, you provider may want you to deliver the baby early.

The symptoms usually go away within 6 weeks of delivery. In rare cases, symptoms may not go away, or they may not start until after delivery (postpartum preeclampsia). This can be very serious, and it needs to be treated right away.

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The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health. Learn how to cite this page : High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy | Preeclampsia
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What is the normal BP for a pregnant woman?

What Causes High Blood Pressure In Pregnancy Share on Pinterest A pregnant woman should monitor their blood pressure during pregnancy to ensure it stays within the normal range. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) state that a pregnant woman’s blood pressure should also be within the healthy range of less than 120/80 mm Hg,
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